Spin crossover in iron in lower mantle minerals
Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics and
Department of Earth and Environmental Science,
Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University
Pressure and temperature-induced spin state change in iron in lower mantle minerals is an unusual phenomenon with previously unknown consequences. High pressure and high temperature experiments have offered a wealth of new information about this class of materials problems, which includes the insulator to metal transition in Mott systems. I will discuss key experimental data, contrast them with ab initio results and thermodynamic models, show the implications for fundamental phenomena taking place at the atomic scale and their macroscopic manifestations, and discuss potential geophysical consequences of this phenomenon.