CENTER FOR QUANTUM MATERIALS AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS SEMINARS

NEWS: The CQM Distinguished Lecture series has been established  in the Fall of 2015 to bring to Stony Brook University the renown experts in the physics of quantum matter.

The lectures in this series will attract a broad audience of physicists from SBU and BNL,
and SBU graduate students.
May
3
Fri
Oleg L. Berman (CUNY) @ B-131
May 3 @ 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm

Superfluidity of excitons and polaritons in novel two-dimensional materials

Abstract:

This talk reviews the theoretical studies of the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) and superfluidity of indirect excitons and microcavity polaritons in quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) van der Waals nanomaterials such as transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) heterostructures and phosphorene. Indirect excitons are the Coulomb-bound pairs of electrons and holes confined to different parallel monolayers of a layered planar nanomaterial structure. The high-T superfluidity of the two-component weakly-interacting Bose gas of the A-type and B-type indirect excitons in the TMDC heterostructures is proposed [1,2]. The critical temperature and superfluid velocity of the indirect excitons in a bilayer phosphorene nanostructure is shown to be anisotropic, dependent strongly on the particular direction of the exciton propagation [3]. The spin Hall effect for polaritons (SHEP) in a TMDC monolayer embedded in a microcavity is predicted [4]. It is demonstrated that two counterpropagating laser beams incident on a TMDC monolayer can deflect a superfluid polariton flow due to the generation the effective gauge vector and scalar potentials [4]. The polaritons cloud is formed due to the coupling of excitons created in a TMDC layer and microcavity photons. It was demonstrated that the polariton flows in the same valley are splitting: the superfluid components of the Aand Bpolariton flows propagate in opposite directionsalong the counterpropagating beams, while the normal components of the flows slightly deflect in opposite directionsand propagate almost perpendicularly to the beams [4]. The components of polariton conductivity tensor were obtained for polaritons without Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) and in the presence of BEC and superfluidity [4]. The possible experimental observation of SHEP is discussed. These results open up new avenues for the experimental realization of the exciton and polariton BEC and superfluidity phenomena as well as their practical applications in optoelectronics [5].

[1] O. L. Berman and R. Ya. Kezerashvili, Phys. Rev. B 93, 245410 (2016)

[2] O. L. Berman and R. Ya. Kezerashvili, Phys. Rev. B 96, 094502 (2017). 

[3] O. L. Berman, G. Gumbs, and R. Ya. Kezerashvili, Phys. Rev. B 96, 014505 (2017).

[4] O. L. Berman, R. Ya. Kezerashvili, and Yu. E. Lozovik, Phys. Rev. B 99, 085438 (2019).

[5] D. W. Snoke and J. Keeling, Physics Today 70, 54 (2017).

May
10
Fri
David Broido (Boston College)
May 10 @ 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm

Unconventional thermal transport

David Broido
Department of Physics
Boston College

According to conventional theories of heat conduction in semiconductors and insulators, only crystals composed of strongly-bonded light elements can have high lattice thermal conductivity, kL, and intrinsic thermal resistance comes only from lowest-order anharmonic three-phonon interactions. In this talk, I will discuss aspects of a new paradigm for achieving high kL that we proposed, in which the vibrational properties are tailored to reduce the phase space for three-phonon scattering [1].  Our ab initio calculations predicted that one candidate material, cubic Boron Arsenide (BAs), indeed had ultrahigh three-phonon limited kL comparable to that of the best heat conductor, diamond, and significantly higher than any other semiconductor [1]. In BAs, three-phonon scattering can become so weak that four-phonon scattering also plays an important role in limiting kL [2, 3]. Such unconventional transport behavior has been confirmed in recent experiments [3-5].  It gives rise to anomalous non-monotonic pressure dependence of kL [6]. I will review the challenging material constraints, which must be overcome in order to achieve the unconventional high kL. An interesting case is that of group V transition metal carbides, NbC, TaC and VC.  These metals have ideal vibrational properties for the desired weak phonon-phonon scattering. But, their nested Fermi surfaces give rise to strong scattering between phonons and electrons, which results in an orders-of-magnitude lower kL that is nearly temperature independent, contrary to the typical behavior.

[1] L. Lindsay, D. A. Broido, and T. L. Reinecke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 025901 (2013).
[2] T. Feng, L. Lindsay, and X. Ruan, Phys. Rev. B, 96, 161201 (2017).
[3] F. Tian et al., Science 361, 582 (2018).
[4] J. S. Kang M. Li, H. Wu, H Nguyen, and Y. Hu., Science 361, 575 (2018).
[5] S. Li, Q. Zheng, Y. Lv, X. Liu, X. Wang, P. Y. Huang, D. G. Cahill, and B. Lv, Science 361, 579 (2018).
[6] N. K. Ravichandran and D. Broido, Nature Communications (2019).
[7] C. Li, N. K. Ravichandran, L. Lindsay, and D. Broido,Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 175901 (2018).

May
17
Fri
Jun Zhu – Penn State
May 17 @ 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm

Jun Zhu - Penn State

Sep
6
Fri
Mark Hybertsen (BNL)
Sep 6 @ 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm

host: Phil Allen

Sep
20
Fri
Karen Chen-Wiegart (USB – Materials Science)
Sep 20 @ 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm

Host — Phil Allen

Sep
27
Fri
Reza Farhadifar (Flatiron Institute)
Sep 27 @ 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm

host: Jin Wang

Oct
25
Fri
Vidvuds Ozolins (Yale)
Oct 25 @ 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm

host: Phil Allen